An eye injury is a scary thing for people
to deal with. Injuries to the eye can be especially disturbing for a first aid provider. Eyes
can be injured many ways; for example, a little bit of dirt, metal shaving, sawdust, or an
object hitting the eye can cause a scratch that can be quite painful and irritating.
Make sure the victim does not rub their eyes as this can cause more damage. Other injuries
can include an impaled object like a stick or a screwdriver. Cleaning chemicals, powders,
or battery acid can splash into the eye and cause burns that can be very painful and even
cause permanent damage. Now, somebody with any eye injury is going to be very scared.
Could be because of the pain, but it also could be because of the inability to see well.
So keep talking to the victim to keep them calm. Try to avoid wrapping bandages over
the ears, because it can cause more anxiety for the victim to not be able to see and not
hear clearly. An important thing to remember when caring for an eye injury is that the
eyes move together. If only one eye is injured, both eyes need to be covered. If you cover
just one eye, and keep the other uncovered, the uncovered eye can still move around causing
the injured eye to move with it, thereby causing more damage. When an eye has been impaled
with an object, do not pull it out. Instead a good solution is to place a plastic cup
to cover the object without touching, or moving, or putting pressure on the object. Then bandage
around the cup covering both eyes. Remember to keep the bandage snug enough to hold, but
not too tight. A bandage that’s too tight can put too much pressure on the eyes and
be very uncomfortable if not damaging. The idea behind bandaging the eyes is just to
stabilize and reduce the risk of further injury for the victim until the emergency services
arrive. If you have an emergency where somebody gets a chemical in the eyes, then bandaging
is not the first thing you would do. First, we need to wash the chemical away using at
least lukewarm water for fifteen minutes minimally, up to thirty minutes. And if you can use another
irrigation solution, you could use saline or pure water, or just run them under the
tap. If only one eye is affected tilt affected eye down while flushing, so the chemical does
not get washed into the good eye. Now let’s talk about black eyes. Black eyes are caused
from a blunt injury, and they’re usually minor. But they can result in a significant
injury or head trauma. It’s always a good idea to see a doctor to rule out serious injury
if you’re not sure. Treatment for a black eye would include holding a cold compress
over the injured eye for 5-10 minutes, while then removing it for 5-10 minutes. Be sure
that icy solution, if that’s what you’re gonna use, is covered with a towel so that
we don’t damage the soft tender skin of the eye while holding that cold compress on.
Be sure to look for any of the symptoms like: impaired vision, inability to use the eye,
there’s visible bleeding, or there’s something on the white part of the eye that looks like
damage, and if there’s drainage coming from around the eyelid. Call the doctor immediately,
or go to the emergency room, if any of these symptoms exist.