List of Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée cheeses | Wikipedia audio article


This is a list of French cheeses. Traditionally, there are from 350 to 450 distinct
types of French cheese grouped into eight categories, ‘les huit familles de fromage’. There can be many varieties within each type
of cheese, leading some to claim closer to 1,000 different types of French cheese.In
1962, French President Charles de Gaulle said “How can you govern a country which has two
hundred and forty-six varieties of cheese?”==Protected designation of origin==
Under the Common Policy of the European Union, certain established cheeses, including many
French cheeses, are covered by a protected designation of origin (PDO), and other, less
stringent, designations of geographical origin for traditional specialities, such as the
French appellation d’origine contrôlée (AOC) system, the Italian denominazione di origine
controllata (DOC) system, and the Spanish Denominación de origen system. French cheese production is classified under
four categories, and PDO/AOC rules dictate which category or categories each protected
cheese may be assigned to: Fermier: farmhouse cheese, which is produced
on the farm where the milk is produced. Artisanal: producer producing cheese in relatively
small quantities using milk from their own farm, but may also purchase milk from local
farms. Coopérative: dairy with local milk producers
in an area that have joined to produce cheese. In larger coopératives quantities of cheese
produced may be relatively large, akin to some industriel producers (many may be classed
as factory-made). Industriel: factory-made cheese from milk
sourced locally or regionally, perhaps all over France (depending on the AOC/PDO regulations
for specific cheeses).56 cheeses are classified, protected, and regulated under French law. The majority are classified as Appellation
d’origine contrôlée (AOC), the highest level of protection. Some are also protected under the less stringent
but still legally regulated designation Label Régional (LR). A few French cheeses are protected under the
European Union’s Protected Geographic Indication designation (PGI). Many familiar generic types, like Boursin,
are not covered, while others originally from other countries, such as Emmental cheese,
may have certain varieties protected as a French cheese. This list differs from those of AOC status.==Other French cheeses====See also==List of cheeses
List of cheesemakers==
Notes====
External links==Pictures Gallery of French Cheese (and some
others) Pictures and detailed information on French
Cheese

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