Red Eye vs Gliding Tree Frog!

– Oh, there’s a Red-Eyed
Tree Frog right there. Check that out. I’m gonna get right behind here. – [Man] That’s a nice one. – Look at that. – [Mark] Oh man, Coyote,
look to your left. To your left, down. – Perfect, look at that. That is a big tree frog. Got it, there we have now. Oh, I hear ya. (energetic drumming) During the wet season,
Cost Rica is famous for having endless days
of torrential rain, which makes filming episodes
incredibly difficult. This is one of the most
incredible fasorial creatures – Hey, Coyote, I’m
sorry to stop you man, but the camera’s getting doused. I’m afraid we’re going
to lose the camera. – Aah, dude, we have
to film this animal. – [Mark] I know. – [Coyote] On one hand, this
natural rain forest cycle presents challenges. However, it also creates
the perfect conditions for finding reptiles
and amphibians. While on the Caribbean
coast, we spent several days exploring the Costa Rican
amphibian research preserve. And this expansive, mid
elevation rain forest is home to one of the
richest populations of frog species on the planet. – [Mark] Alright,
we are rolling. – [Coyote] Check that out. – [Mark] And you
are in some mud. – This is definitely a good
sign that it has rained quite a bit here
in the rain forest. Now, recently we
just showed you guys an episode with the
Red-Eyed Leaf Frog, probably the most
famous amphibian species here in Costa Rica. And while we were out
at night, we kept seeing these larger tree frogs. They’re green, they
also have red eyes, and they’re actually
called Gliding Tree Frogs. I figured you guys
probably wanted to see this up close for the camera, so
what we’re going to do tonight is head over to this
pond, where they have come down from the
trees and work our way through this gloppy
mud and get some up close for the cameras. Typically these frogs
can only be found high up in the canopy. However, when large rain
storms push through, they descend from the tree
tops to begin breeding. And because of this,
we were able to witness all stages of this
creature’s life cycle, from eggs to tadpoles, and
of course, plenty of adults. Get ready to meet the
Gliding Tree Frog. Let’s see what we can find oop, lookin’ at a
frog right there. Great place to
look for creatures. There’s a turtle. Look at that, – [Mark] See a turtle? – I see a turtle. – [Mark] Think you can catch it? – I’m gonna most
definitely catch it. – [Mark] I see it. – Keep the lights on it. Got it. – [Mark] Nice. – Woo, there we go. Oh, that’s a little
deep right there. Check that out. Wow, well, we’ve seen
me jump into the water and catch turtles before,
but not from this species. That is a White-Lipped
Mud Turtle. Not musking on me, though
they are capable of musking like most musk and mud turtles. Look at that, sharp
front claws too. And the bite of this
turtle is pretty powerful. You see how long they can
extend their neck out. I see you, yes. No, my finger is not a tadpole. This turtle is definitely
too small to be eating any large frogs, the one’s
that we would be looking for, but tadpoles and little froglets
are definitely fair game. So, we’re going to put
him back into the pond and see if we can find
ourselves some frogs. There he goes, bye buddy. Woop, they’re very quick. Oh, look at this, ha, perfect. Right on the edge of the
pond is exactly what… Okay, there’s a snake
right there next to us with a mouthful of eggs. That is a Cat-Eyed Snake. – [Mark] Wow, it
does have an egg hanging out of it’s mouth. – Okay, caught this guy right
in the middle of dinner. I’m going to take my
flashlight off it, okay? Still see it well enough? Oh this is perfect. I mean we are just
two for two here. I’m going to just
gently bend this leaf around here for you, Mark. Look at this, see that? Looks like fungus, right? – [Mark] Those are eggs. – Those are eggs,
those are the eggs of the Gliding Tree Frog. Now this is one of the
dangers of being a frog, when these frogs come
down in the masses to lay their eggs, because
there’s so many predators. These eggs aren’t even
going to get the chance to develop into
tadpoles and then drop down into the water. Kinda sad, but that’s
part of the cycle out here in the rain forest. Alright, sorry buddy, we’re going to disturb
you during dinner. Let’s see if I can
just gently, oh, (words obscured by
background noise) Often times they will musk. It’s a very cool snake. There we go, just want
to be really gentle. Hopefully, with that
mouth full of frog eggs he will be thinking, “I’m full, “I’m not going to
be biting anybody.” Look at that. And these snakes have
incredible balance. Look how it’s capable
of just completely extending out its head,
almost like a vine. You see that? It’s looking at your
microphone right now, Mark. Thinkin’, “Hmm, that looks
like a place to escape to.” You know you have
some of your dinner on the side of your face. Are you aware of this? He’s kinda like, “You
guys shouldn’t have bugged me during dinner.” Look at that. I can just feel how well
this snake is capable of watch, this is gonna try to
get out on the tree limb. They can completely hold
up the weight of its body. Look at that. Wow, so incredibly
strong, look at how it just slinks up the
side of that tree. That is amazing. Let’s see, can he
actually hold on to that? He’s going to curl
his body around. Wow, how ’bout that? Well, two predators
right in a row. I’m gonna let go of it. I feel like it doesn’t even know that it has an egg hanging
out of the side of its mouth. Can you see that? – [Mark] I can. Caught red handed. – Caught ya, buddy. Robbing the nest
of eggs, so cool. Alright, what I’m gonna
do is actually put him right back where he was. I know that he is eating
the eggs of the frogs, but that is a part
of the life cycle of these reptiles
and amphibians, and I do not want to
disturb him from his dinner anymore than we already have. There you go. Okay, well that’s a
pretty good start. We walked out of the
jungle, right here to the edge of
this body of water and already have caught
two of the predators that are out here
helping to control the population of these frogs. But, for us, we
wanna get up close with one of these
amphibians, and this is the absolute perfect
time to do it. Let’s work our way along
the edge of the pond and see if we can find some. Sound good? – [Mark] Yep, let’s do it. – Alright. Come here. – [Mark] What do ya
see, what do ya see? – [Coyote] Look at
this wandering spider. – [Mark] Whoa. – That is an enormous spider, and if you walk underneath
a branch like this, and you bump it and that
falls into your neckline and you take a bite, you
are going to the hospital. Look at how big that thing is. Alright, just again
guys, Mark, Mario, make sure you’re
paying attention everywhere that you are going. Alright, let’s keep going. Oh, there’s a Re-Eyed
Tree Frog right there. Check that out. We spent so much time looking
for a Red-Eyed Leaf Frog the other night, and sure enough there’s one right there. Let’s do this. Actually, get it up
close for the camera. Can’t let you not have a
starring moment, little guy. Look at that. Aah, isn’t that awesome. – [Mark] Oh man, Coyote,
look to your left. Look to your left, down. – Perfect, look at that. That is a big tree frog. Got it. There we have now, oh,
I hear ya chirpin’. There is the Gliding Leaf Frog, right next to the
Red-Eyed Leaf Frog. Wow, now you can see
the distinct differences between the two,
and you’ll notice the differences
in the eye color. You see that? The Red-Eyed Leaf
Frog has a much more brilliant orange to its eye, and the gliding
variety is darker brown and significantly bigger. Now the most
distinguishing feature is look at the side of
this frog’s body. See how yellow it is? All uniform in color, yet
the Red-Eyed Leaf Frog, can you see the color
on the side of its body? – [Mark] Oh yeah, definitely. – Blue, with those
iconic yellow stripes. And you’ll notice that
the Red-Eyed Leaf Frog has very orange toes. Oh, where you going? Come here. Very orange toes
and very yellow toes on the Gliding Leaf Frog. And the size difference
is really the big thing. – [Mark] So Coyote, I notice
that you’re holding the male. How big are the
female Gliding Frogs? – Those are almost twice
the size of the male, and that’s what I really wanna
get up close for the camera. So let’s keep searching,
put these frogs back on their leaves, and
hopefully we’ll find one. You ready? – [Mark] Yep,
let’s put ’em back. – Put that right
back here, ready. Ah, there we go, look at that one out
there on that tree branch. That one looks like
it’s a pretty good size. And it will pose a little
bit of a challenge. Watch that branch. Here we go, one, two, three. Yep, got wet, but
I got the frog. – [Mario] Here. – [Mark] Grab. – Oh, I’m stuck in the mud. Okay, back up a little
bit, comin’ up there. That is probably
about average size for what we’ve seen tonight. Maybe a little bit
bigger, but definitely the Gliding Tree Frog. Look at that little creature. Wow, this is good because
now my hand is wet and it’s keeping the frog moist. And look at how
those sticky pads are just gripping
onto my finger. Now let’s talk about the name
of this frog for a second. The Gliding Tree Frog,
and you’re probably thinking to yourself,
“Well, they must glide “through the rain forest.” And when they leap, they
spread out their arms and their legs, and then,
whap, land down on a leaf. It speculative that
they’re actually gliding. It could just be the
momentum of their body and the weight as they’re
hurling through the air that makes it appear
as if they’re gliding. Either way, this frog
has definitely earned a very cool name. – [Mark] Compared
to its body size, its hand and its feet
look quite large. – Oh they are, and it
needs to have these large feet and hands
because if it’s sailing through the canopy
from leaf to leaf, if it misses a leaf,
let’s say if it just kinda goes off course, it
only needs one hand to be able to grab on, and
then it will swing its body up underneath and be
able to prevent itself from falling down
to the forest floor. That’s pretty cool to be
out here in the rain forest where we’re getting
to see all phases of this frog’s life
tonight, from the eggs, to the tadpoles,
to little froglets far out there in the
water, and then, of course, the adults which are just all
along the edges of the pond. I’m Coyote Peterson, be brave. Stay wild. We’ll see ya on
the next adventure. Alright, let’s let him hop
back off into the wild. If you thought the Gliding
Tree Frog was cool looking, make sure to go back
and watch our encounter with one of Cost Rica’s
most bizarre amphibians, the caecilian. And don’t forget,
subscribe so you can join me and the crew on this
season of Breaking Trail.


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