World Council of Peace | Wikipedia audio article


The World Peace Council (WPC) is an international
organization that advocates universal disarmament, sovereignty and independence and peaceful
co-existence, and campaigns against imperialism, weapons of mass destruction and all forms
of discrimination. It was founded in 1950, emerging from the policy of the Communist
Party of the Soviet Union to promote peace campaigns around the world in order to oppose
“warmongering” by the United States. Its first president was the French physicist and activist
Frédéric Joliot-Curie. It was based in Helsinki, Finland from 1968 to 1999 and since in Athens,
Greece.==History=====
Origins===In August 1948 through the initiative of the
Communist Information Bureau (Cominform) a “World Congress of Intellectuals for Peace”
was held in Wroclaw, Poland. This gathering established a permanent organisation called
the International Liaison Committee of Intellectuals for Peace—a group which joined with another
international Communist organisation, the Women’s International Democratic Federation
to convene a second international conclave in Paris in April 1949, a meeting designated
the World Congress of Partisans for Peace (Congrès Mondial des Partisans de la Paix).
Some 2,000 delegates from 75 countries were in attendance at this foundation gathering
in the French capital.A new permanent organization emerged from the April 1949 conclave, the
World Committee of Partisans for Peace. At a Second World Congress held in Warsaw in
November 1950, this group adopted the new name World Peace Council (WPC). The origins
of the WPC lay in the Cominform’s doctrine that the world was divided between “peace-loving”
progressive forces led by the Soviet Union and “warmongering” capitalist countries led
by the United States, declaring that peace “should now become the pivot of the entire
activity of the Communist Parties”, and most western Communist parties followed this policy.In
1950, Cominform adopted the report of Mikhail Suslov, a senior Soviet official, praising
the Partisans for Peace and resolving that, “The Communist and Workers’ Parties must utilize
all means of struggle to secure a stable and lasting peace, subordinating their entire
activity to this” and that “Particular attention should be devoted to drawing into the peace
movement trade unions, women’s, youth, cooperative, sport, cultural, education, religious and
other organizations, and also scientists, writers, journalists, cultural workers, parliamentary
and other political and public leaders who act in defense of peace and against war.”Lawrence
Wittner, a historian of the post-war peace movement, argues that the Soviet Union devoted
great efforts to the promotion of the WPC in the early post-war years because it feared
an American attack and American superiority of arms at a time when the USA possessed the
atom bomb but the Soviet Union had not yet developed it.====Wroclaw 1948 and New York 1949====The World Congress of Intellectuals for Peace
met in Wroclaw on 6 August 1948. Julian Huxley, the chair of UNESCO, chaired the meeting in
the hope of bridging Cold War divisions, but later wrote that “there was no discussion
in the ordinary sense of the word”. Speakers delivered lengthy condemnation of the West
and praises of the Soviet Union. Albert Einstein had been invited to send an address, but when
the organisers found that it advocated world government and that his representative refused
to change it, they substited another document by Einstein without his consent, leaving Einstein
feeling that he had been badly used.The Congress elected a permanent International Committee
of Intellectuals in Defence of Peace (also known as the International Committee of Intellectuals
for Peace and the International Liaison Committee of Intellectuals for Peace) with headquarters
in Paris. It called for the establishment of national branches and national meetings
along the same lines as the World Congress. In accordance with this policy, a Cultural
and Scientific Conference for World Peace was held in New York City in March 1949 at
the Waldorf Astoria Hotel, sponsored by the National Council of Arts, Sciences and Professions.====Paris and Prague 1949====
The World Congress of Partisans for Peace in Paris (20 April 1949) repeated the Cominform
line that the world was divided between “a non-aggressive Soviet group and a war-minded
imperialistic group, headed by the United States government”. It established a World
Committee of Partisans for Peace, led by a twelve-person Executive Bureau and chaired
by Professor Frédéric Joliot-Curie, a Nobel Prize-winning physicist, High Commissioner
for Atomic Energy and member of the French Institute. Most of the Executive were Communists.
One delegate to the Congress, the Swedish artist Bo Beskow, heard no spontaneous contributions
or free discussions, only prepared speeches, and described the atmosphere there as “agitated”,
“aggressive” and “warlike”. A speech given at Paris by Paul Robeson—the polyglot lawyer,
folksinger, and actor son of a runaway slave—was widely misquoted in the American press as
stating that African Americans should not and would not fight for the United States
in any prospective war against the Soviet Union; following his return, he was subsequently
blacklisted and his passport confiscated for years. The Congress was disrupted by the French
authorities who refused visas to so many delegates that a simultaneous Congress was held in Prague.”
Robeson’s performance of “The March of the Volunteers” in Prague for the delegation from
the incipient People’s Republic of China was its earliest formal use as the country’s national
anthem. Picasso’s lithograph, La Colombe (The Dove) was chosen as the emblem for the Congress
and was subsequently adopted as the symbol of the WPC.====Sheffield and Warsaw 1950====
In 1950, the World Congress of the Supporters of Peace adopted a permanent constitution
for the World Peace Council, which replaced the Committee of Partisans for Peace. The
opening congress of the WPC condemned the atom-bomb and the American invasion of Korea.
It followed the Cominform line, recommending the creation of national peace committees
in every country, and rejected pacifism and the non-aligned peace movement. It was originally
scheduled for Sheffield but the British authorities, who wished to undermine the WPC, refused visas
to many delegates and the Congress was forced to move to Warsaw. British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee denounced the Congress as a “bogus forum of peace with the real aim of
sabotaging national defence” and said there would be a “reasonable limit” on foreign delegates.
Among those excluded by the government were Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Ilya Ehrenburg, Alexander
Fadeyev, and Dmitri Shostakovich. The number of delegates at Sheffield was reduced from
an anticipated 2,000 to 500, half of whom were British.===1950s===
The WPC was directed by the International Department of the Central Committee of the
Soviet Communist Party through the Soviet Peace Committee, although it tended not to
present itself as an organ of Soviet foreign policy, but rather as the expression of the
aspirations of the “peace loving peoples of the world”.In its early days the WPC attracted
numerous “political and intellectual superstars”, including W. E. B. Du Bois, Paul Robeson,
Howard Fast, Pablo Picasso, Louis Aragon, Jorge Amado, Pablo Neruda, György Lukacs,
Renato Guttuso, Jean-Paul Sartre, Diego Rivera, Muhammad al-Ashmar and Joliot-Curie. Most
were Communists or fellow travellers. In the 1950s, congresses were held in Vienna,
Berlin, Helsinki and Stockholm. The January 1952 World Congress of People in Vienna represented
Joseph Stalin’s strategy of peaceful coexistence, resulting in a more broad-based conference.
Among those attending were Jean-Paul Sartre and Hervé Bazin.
In 1955, another WPC meeting in Vienna launched an “Appeal against the Preparations for Nuclear
War”, with grandiose claims about its success.The WPC led the international peace movement in
the decade after the Second World War, but its failure to speak out against the Soviet
suppression of the 1956 Hungarian uprising and the resumption of Soviet nuclear tests
in 1961 marginalised it, and in the 1960s it was eclipsed by the newer, non-aligned
peace organizations like the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. At first, Communists
denounced the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament for “splitting the peace movement” but they
were compelled to join it when they saw how popular it was.===1960s===
Throughout much of the 1960s and early 1970s, the WPC campaigned against the US’s role in
the Vietnam War. Opposition to the Vietnam War was widespread in the mid-1960s and most
of the anti-war activity had nothing to do with the WPC, which decided, under the leadership
of J. D. Bernal, to take a softer line with non-aligned peace groups in order to secure
their co-operation. In particular, Bernal believed that the WPC’s influence with these
groups was jeopardized by China’s insistence that the WPC give unequivocal support to North
Vietnam in the war.In 1968, the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia occasioned unprecedented
dissent from Soviet policy within the WPC. It brought about such a crisis in the Secretariat
that in September that year only one delegate supported the invasion. However, the Soviet
Union soon reasserted control, and according to the US State Department, “The WPC’s eighth
world assembly in East Berlin in June 1969 was widely criticized by various participants
for its lack of spontaneity and carefully orchestrated Soviet supervision. As the British
General Secretary of the International Confederation for Disarmament and Peace and a delegate to
the 1969 assembly wrote (Tribune, July 4, 1969): ‘There were a number [of delegates]
who decided to vote against the general resolution for three reasons (a) it was platitudinous
(b) it was one sided and (c) in protest against restrictions on minorities and the press within
the assembly. This proved impossible in the end for no vote was taken.'”===
Activities===Until the late 1980s, the World Peace Council’s
principal activity was the organization of large international congresses, nearly all
of which had over 2,000 delegates representing most of the countries of the world. Most of
the delegates came from pro-Communist organizations, with some observers from non-aligned bodies.
There were also meetings of the WPC Assembly, its highest governing body. The congresses
and assemblies issued statements, appeals and resolutions that called for world peace
in general terms and condemned US weapons policy, invasions and military actions. The
US Department of State described the congresses as follows: “The majority of participants
in the assemblies are Soviet and East European communist party members, representatives of
foreign communist parties, and representatives of other Soviet-backed international fronts.
Token noncommunist participation serves to lend an element of credibility. Discussion
usually is confined to the inequities of Western socioeconomic systems and attacks on the military
and foreign policies of the United States and other imperialist, fascist nations. Resolutions
advocating policies favored by the U.S.S.R. and other communist nations are passed by
acclamation, not by vote. In most cases, delegates do not see the texts until they are published
in the communist media. Attempts by noncommunist delegates to discuss Soviet actions (such
as the invasion of Afghanistan) are dismissed as interference in internal affairs or anti-Soviet
propaganda. Dissent among delegates often is suppressed and never acknowledged in final
resolutions or communiques. All assemblies praise the U.S.S.R. and other progressive
societies and endorse Soviet foreign policy positions.”The WPC was involved in demonstrations
and protests especially in areas bordering US military installations in Western Europe
believed to house nuclear weapons. It campaigned against US-led military operations, especially
the Vietnam War, although it did not condemn similar Soviet actions in Hungary and in Afghanistan.
On 18 March 1950, the WPC launched its Stockholm Appeal at a meeting of the Permanent Committee
of the World Peace Congress, calling for the absolute prohibition of nuclear weapons. The
campaign won popular support, collecting, it is said, 560 million signatures in Europe,
most from socialist countries, including 10 million in France (including that of the young
Jacques Chirac), and 155 million signatures in the Soviet Union – the entire adult population.
Several non-aligned peace groups who had distanced themselves from the WPC advised their supporters
not to sign the Appeal.In June 1975 the WPC launched a second Stockholm Appeal during
a period of détente between East and West. It declared that, “The victories of peace
and détente have created a new international climate, new hopes, new confidence, new optimism
among the peoples.”In the 1980s it campaigned against the deployment of U.S. missiles in
Europe. It published two magazines, New Perspectives
and Peace Courier. Its current magazine is Peace Messenger.===Associated groups===
In accordance with the Comniform’s 1950 resolution to draw into the peace movement trade unions,
women’s and youth organisations, scientists, writers and journalists, etc., several Communist
mass organisations supported the WPC, for example: Christian Peace Conference
International Federation of Resistance Fighters International Institute for Peace
International Association of Democratic Lawyers International Organization of Journalists
International Union of Students World Federation of Democratic Youth
World Federation of Scientific Workers World Federation of Trade Unions
Women’s International Democratic Federation===
Relations with non-aligned peace groups===The WPC has been described as caught in contradictions
as “it sought to become a broad world movement while being instrumentalized increasingly
to serve foreign policy in the Soviet Union and nominally socialist countries.” From the
1950s until the late 1980s it tried to use non-aligned peace organizations to spread
the Soviet point of view, alternately wooing and attacking them, either for their pacifism
or their refusal to support the Soviet Union. Until the early 1960s there was limited co-operation
between such groups and the WPC, but they gradually dissociated themselves as they discovered
it was impossible to criticize the Soviet Union at WPC conferences.From the late 1940s
to the late 1950s the WPC, with its large budget and high-profile conferences, dominated
the peace movement, to the extent that the movement became identified with the Communist
cause. The formation of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in Britain in 1957 sparked a rapid
growth in the unaligned peace movement and its detachment from the WPC. However, the
public and some Western leaders still tended to regard all peace activists as Communists.
For example, US President Ronald Reagan said that the big peace demonstrations in Europe
in 1981 were “all sponsored by a thing called the World Peace Council, which is bought and
paid for by the Soviet Union”, and Soviet defector Vladimir Bukovsky claimed that they
were co-ordinated at the WPC’s 1980 World Parliament of Peoples for Peace in Sofia.
The FBI reported to the United States House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
that the WPC-affiliated U.S. Peace Council was one of the organizers of a large 1982
peace protest in New York City, but said that the KGB had not manipulated the American movement
“significantly.” International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War was said
to have had “overlapping membership and similar policies” to the WPC. and the Pugwash Conferences
on Science and World Affairs and the Dartmouth Conferences were said to have been used by
Soviet delegates to promote Soviet propaganda. Joseph Rotblat, one of the leaders of the
Pugwash movement, said that although a few participants in Pugwash conferences from the
Soviet Union “were obviously sent to push the party line … the majority were genuine
scientists and behaved as such”.As the non-aligned peace movement “was constantly under threat
of being tarnished by association with avowedly pro-Soviet groups”, many individuals and organizations
“studiously avoided contact with Communists and fellow-travellers.” Some western delegates
walked out of the Wroclaw conference of 1948, and in 1949 the World Pacifist Meeting warned
against active collaboration with Communists. In the same year, several members of the British
Peace Pledge Union, including Vera Brittain, Michael Tippett, and Sybil Morrison, criticised
the WPC-affiliated British Peace Committee for what they saw as its “unquestioning hero-worship”
of the Soviet Union. In 1950, several Swedish peace organizations warned their supporters
against signing the WPC’s Stockholm Appeal. In 1953, the International Liaison Committee
of Organizations for Peace stated that it had “no association with the World Peace Council”.
In 1956, a year in which the WPC condemned the Suez war but not the Russian suppression
of the 1956 Hungarian uprising, the German section of War Resisters International condemned
it for its failure to respond to Soviet H-bomb tests. In Sweden, Aktionsgruppen Mot Svensk
Atombomb discouraged its members from participating in Communist-led peace committees. The WPC
attempted to co-opt the eminent peace campaigner Bertrand Russell, much to his annoyance, and
in 1957 he refused the award of the WPC’s International Peace Prize. In Britain, CND
advised local groups in 1958 not to participate in a forthcoming WPC conference. In the USA,
SANE rejected WPC appeals for co-operation. A final break occurred during the WPC’s 1962
World Congress for Peace and Disarmament in Moscow. The WPC had invited non-aligned peace
groups, who were permitted to criticize Soviet nuclear testing, but when western activists
including the British Committee of 100 tried to demonstrate in Red Square against Soviet
weapons and the Communist system, their banners were confiscated and they were threatened
with deportation. As a result of this confrontation, 40 non-aligned organizations decided to form
a new international body, the International Confederation for Disarmament and Peace, which
was not to have Soviet members.From about 1982, following the proclamation of martial
law in Poland, the Soviet Union adopted a harder line with non-aligned groups, apparently
because their failure to prevent the deployment of Cruise and Pershing missiles. In December
1982, the Soviet Peace Committee President, Yuri Zhukov, returning to the rhetoric of
the mid-1950s, wrote to several hundred non-communist peace groups in Western Europe accusing the
Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation of “fueling the cold war by claiming that both NATO and
the Warsaw Pact bear equal responsibility for the arms race and international tension.
Zhukov denounced the West Berlin Working Group for a Nuclear-Free Europe, organizers of a
May 1983 European disarmament conference in Berlin, for allegedly siding with NATO, attempting
to split the peace movement, and distracting the peaceloving public from the main source
of the deadly threat posed against the peoples of Europe-the plans for stationing a new generation
of nuclear missiles in Europe in 1983.” In 1983, the British peace campaigner E. P. Thompson,
a leader of European Nuclear Disarmament, attended the World Peace Council’s World Assembly
for Peace and Life Against Nuclear War in Prague at the suggestion of the Czech dissident
group Charter 77 and raised the issue of democracy and civil liberties in the Communist states,
only for Assembly to respond by loudly applauding a delegate who said that “the so-called dissident
issue was not a matter for the international peace movement, but something that had been
injected into it artificially by anti-communists.” The Hungarian student peace group, Dialogue,
also tried to attend the 1983 Assembly but were met with tear gas, arrests, and deportation
to Hungary; the following year the authorities banned it.Rainer Santi, in his history of
the International Peace Bureau, said that the WPC “always had difficulty in securing
cooperation from West European and North American peace organisations because of its obvious
affiliation with Socialist countries and the foreign policy of the Soviet Union. Especially
difficult to digest, was that instead of criticising the Soviet Union’s unilaterally resumed atmospheric
nuclear testing in 1961, the WPC issued a statement rationalizing it. In 1979 the World
Peace Council explained the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan as an act of solidarity in
the face of Chinese and US aggression against Afghanistan.” Rob Prince, a former secretary
of the WPC, suggested that it simply failed to connect with the western peace movement
because it used most of its funds on international travel and lavish conferences. It had poor
intelligence on Western peace groups, and, even though its HQ was in Helsinki, had no
contact with Finnish peace organizations.===After the demise of communism===
By the mid-1980s the Soviet Peace Committee “concluded that the WPC was a politically
expendable and spent force,” although it continued to provide funds until 1991. As the Soviet
Peace Committee was the conduit for Soviet direction of the WPC, this judgement represented
a downgrading of the WPC by the Soviet Communist Party. Under Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet
Peace Committee developed bilateral international contacts “in which the WPC not only played
no role, but was a liability.” Gorbachev never even met WPC President Romesh Chandra and
excluded him from many Moscow international forums. Following the 1991 breakup of the
Soviet Union, the WPC lost most of its support, income and staff and dwindled to a small core
group. Its international conferences now attract only a tenth of the delegates that its Soviet-backed
conferences could attract (see below), although it still issues statements couched in similar
terms to those of its historic appeals.===Location===
The WPC first set up its offices in Paris, but was accused by the French government of
engaging in “fifth column” activities and was expelled in 1952. It moved to Prague and
then in 1954 to Vienna. In 1957 it was banned by the Austrian government. It was invited
to Prague but did not move there, had no official HQ but continued to operate in Vienna under
cover of the International Institute for Peace. In 1968 it re-assumed its name and moved to
Helsinki, Finland, where it remained until 1999. In 2000 it re-located to Athens, Greece.===Funding===According to the WPC, 90 percent of its funding
came from the Soviet Union, which was said to have given it $49 million. Its current
income is believed to derive mainly from the interest on a $10m payment made by the Soviet
Peace Committee in around 1991, although its finances remain shrouded in mystery.===Allegations of CIA measures against the
WPC===The Congress for Cultural Freedom was founded
in 1950 with the support of the CIA to counter the propaganda of the emerging WPC, and Phillip
Agee claimed that the WPC was a Soviet front for propaganda which CIA covertly tried to
neutralize and to prevent the WPC from organizing outside the Communist bloc.==Current organisation==
The WPC currently states its goals as: Actions against imperialist wars and occupation of
sovereign countries and nations; prohibition of all weapons of mass destruction;
abolition of foreign military bases; universal disarmament under effective international
control; elimination of all forms of colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, sexism and other
forms of discrimination; respect for the right of peoples to sovereignty and independence,
essential for the establishment of peace; non-interference in the internal affairs of
nations; peaceful co-existence between states with different political systems; negotiations
instead of use of force in the settlement of differences between nations.
The WPC is a registered NGO at the United Nations and co-operates primarily with the
Non-Aligned Movement. It cooperates with United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), United
Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), International Labour Organization
(ILO), and other UN specialized agencies, special committees and departments. It is
said to have successfully influenced their agendas, the terms of discussion and the orientations
of their resolutions. It also cooperates with the African Union, the League of Arab States,
and other inter-governmental bodies.===Leadership===
President: Socorro Gomes, Brazilian Center for Solidarity with the People and the Struggle
for Peace (CEBRAPAZ) General Secretary: Thanasis Pafilis, Greek
Committee for International Détente and Peace (EEDYE)
Executive Secretary: Iraklis Tsavdaridis, Greek Committee for International Détente
and Peace (EEDYE)===Secretariat===
The members of the Secretariat of the WPC are: All India Peace and Solidarity Organisation
(AIPSO) Brazilian Center for Solidarity with the People
and the Struggle for Peace (CEBRAPAZ) Congo Peace Committee
Cuban Movement for Peace and Sovereignty of the Peoples (MOVPAZ)
German Peace Council (DFR) Greek Committee for International Détente
and Peace (EEDYE) Japan Peace Committee
Palestinian Committee for Peace and Solidarity (PCPS)
Portuguese Council for Peace and Cooperation (CPPC)
South African Peace Initiative Syrian National Peace Council
US Peace Council (USPC) Vietnam Peace Committee (VPC)===Peace prizes===The WPC awards several peace prizes, some
of which, it has been said, were awarded to politicians who funded the organization.==Congresses and assemblies==
The highest WPC body, the Assembly, meets every three years.==Past presidents==
Frédéric Joliot-Curie (1950–58) John Desmond Bernal (1959–65)
Isabelle Blume (1965–69) Romesh Chandra (General Secretary in 1966–1977;
President in 1977–90) Evangelos Maheras (1990–93)
Albertina Sisulu (1993–2002) Prof Niranjan Singh Maan (General secretary)
Orlando Fundora López (2002–08)==Current members==
Under its current rules, WPC members are national and international organizations that agree
with its main principles and any of its objectives and pay membership fees. Other organizations
may join at the discretion of the Executive Committee or become associate members. Distinguished
individuals may become honorary members at the discretion of the Executive Committee.As
of March 2014, the WPC lists the following organizations among its “members and friends”.===Current Communist States===
Chinese Association for Peace and Disarmament Cuban Movement for Peace and Sovereignty of
the Peoples Lao Peace and Solidarity Committee
Korean National Peace Committee (North Korea) Vietnam Peace Committee===
Former Soviet Union===Armenian Peace Committee
Belarus Peace Committee Georgian Peace Committee
Ukraine Anti-Fascist Committee Latvian Peace Committee
International Federation for Peace and Conciliation (the former Soviet Peace Committee a federation
of a number of organizations in the CIS). Its member organizations, at the time of its
founding in 1992, included:Armenian Committee for Peace and Conciliation
National Peace Committee of Republic of Azerbaijan Public Association Belarusian Peace Committee
Peace Committee of the Republic of Georgia Public Association Council for Peace and Conciliation
of the Republic of Kazakhstan Public Association Council for Peace and Conciliation
of the Kyrgyz Republic Latvian movement for peace
Lithuanian Peace Forum Public Association “Аlliance for Peace of
the Republic of Moldova” Russian Peace Committee
Republican Public Association Peace Committee of the Republic of Tajikistan
Peace Fund of Turkmenistan Ukrainian Peace Council===
Former Eastern bloc===Bulgarian National Peace Council
Czech Peace Movement Hungarian Peace Committee
Mongolia Union for Peace and Friendship===Europe===
Austrian Peace Council Vrede (Belgium)
Croatia Anti-Fascist Committee Cyprus Peace Council
Danish Peace Council Finnish Peace Committee
Mouvement de la Paix (France) German Peace Council
Greek Committee for International Detente and Peace
Ireland Peace and Neutrality Alliance Forum against War (Italy)
Peace Committee of Luxembourg Malta Peace Council
Netherlands Hague Platform Portuguese Council for Peace and Cooperation
Belgrade Forum for a World of Equals (Serbia) Swedish Peace Committee
Swiss Peace Movement===Asia===
Bangladesh Peace Council Bhutan Peace Council
Burmese Peace Committee Cambodian Peace Committee
All India Peace and Solidarity Organisation Association for the Defense of Peace, Solidarity
and Democracy (Iran) Peace Committee of Israel
Lebanese Peace Committee Japan Peace Committee
Nepal Peace and Solidarity Council Pakistan Peace and Solidarity Council
Palestinian Committee for Peace and Solidarity Philippines Peace and Solidarity Council
Peace and Solidarity Organisation of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Peace and Solidarity Council
Syrian National Peace Council Timor-Leste Conselho da Paz
Peace Association of Turkey Yemen Peace Committee===
Africa===Angolan League for the Friendship of the Peoples
Congo Peace Committee (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Egyptian Peace Committee Ethiopian Peace Committee
Peace Council of Mozambique Peace Committee of Madagascar
Peace Committee of Namibia Nigerian Peace Committee
South African Peace Initiative Sudan Peace and Solidarity Council
Tunisian Peace Committee Zimbabwe Peace Committee===
Americas===Movimento por la Paz, Soberania y Solidaridad
(Argentina) Caribbean Movement for Peace and Integration
(Barbadoes) Comite Boliviano por la Paz, Tupaj Amaru
Brazilian Center for Solidarity with the Peoples and Struggle for Peace
Canadian Peace Congress Peace Committee of Chile
Colombian Peace Committee Costa Rican National Peace Council
Dominican Union Journalists for Peace Ecuador Peace and Independence Movement
Movimento Mexicano por la Paz y el Desarollo Comite de Paz de Nicaragua
Comite Nacional de Defensa de Solidaridad y Paz (Panama)
Comite de Paz de Paraguay Comite Peruano por la Paz
Movimento Salvadoreno por la Paz U.S. Peace Council
Uruguay Grupo Historia y Memoria Comite de Solidaridad Internacional (Venezuela)===Oceania===
Australian Peace Committee New Zealand Peace Council===
Other===International Action for Liberation
European Peace Forum==
See also==List of anti-war organizations
List of peace activists Active measures
Soviet influence on the peace movement International Confederation for Disarmament
and Peace Communist propaganda
Front organization National Council of Arts, Sciences and Professions
Peace movement World peace
World union for peace and fundamental human rights and the rights of peoples==Footnotes====Further reading==
World Peace Council Collected Records, 1949 – 1996 in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection.
Prince, Rob (May – June 1992). “The ghost ship of Lonnrotinkatu”. Peace Magazine. 8
(3). p. 16. Prince, Rob (November – December 1992).
“Following the money trail at the World Peace Council”. Peace Magazine. 8 (6). p. 20.
Honecker, Erich (1979). Welcoming Address (Speech). World Peace Council meeting. East
Berlin. At the Internet Archive. Ballantyne, John (Autumn 2005). “Australia’s
Dr Jim Cairns and the Soviet KGB”. National Observer (64). Melbourne: Council for the
National Interest. pp. 52–63. Committee on Un-American Activities, US House
of Representatives (19 April 1949). Review of the Scientific and Cultural Conference
for World Peace Arranged by the National Council of the Arts, Sciences and Professions and
Held in New York City on March 25, 26 and 27, 1949 (PDF). Washington, DC. at The Danish
Peace Academy.==External links==
Official website Film of the World Congress of Partisans for
Peace, Paris, 1949 Pathe News film of 1962 Moscow Congress

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *